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SAMBA


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Столкнулся вот с такой проблемой: дома настроил samba без проблем, файлы на русском, которые она выкладывает в сеть, в винде отображаются корректно. Но почему то на сервере настроить не удается, он у меня конечно не точно так же настроен как дома, и я не пойму, что не так. Дистрибутив один, linux slackware 9.1, samba 3.0, kernel 2.4.22 все одиноково, только дома все вкомпилено в ядро, а на сервере нет. Объясните плз, что нужно для того, чтобы выкладываемые в сеть самбой файлы на русском, отображалсиь в винде нормально. Заранее спасибо.

anonymous

Re: SAMBA

Пример моего конфига, надеюсь разбережся

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the # smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed # here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too # many!) most of which are not shown in this example # # Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) # is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a # # for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you # may wish to enable # # NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm" # to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors. # #======================= Global Settings ===================================== [global]

# 1. Server Naming Options: # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name workgroup = MSHOME

character set = koi8-r client code page = 866 preserve case = yes short preserve case = yes

# netbios name is the name you will see in "Network Neighbourhood", # but defaults to your hostname netbios name = DEMON

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field server string = Samba Server

# Message command is run by samba when a "popup" message is sent to it. # The example below is for use with LinPopUp: ; message command = /usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s

# 2. Printing Options: # CHANGES TO ENABLE PRINTING ON ALL CUPS PRINTERS IN THE NETWORK # (as cups is now used in linux-mandrake 7.2 by default) # if you want to automatically load your printer list rather # than setting them up individually then you'll need this printcap name = lpstat load printers = yes

# It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include: # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx, cups printing = cups

# Samba 2.2 supports the Windows NT-style point-and-print feature. To # use this, you need to be able to upload print drivers to the samba # server. The printer admins (or root) may install drivers onto samba. # Note that this feature uses the print$ share, so you will need to # enable it below. # This parameter works like domain admin group: # printer admin = @<group> <user> ; printer admin = @adm # This should work well for winbind: ; printer admin = @"Domain Admins"

# 3. Logging Options: # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine # that connects log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb). max log size = 50

# Set the log (verbosity) level (0 <= log level <= 10) ; log level = 3

# 4. Security and Domain Membership Options: # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict # connections to machines which are on your local network. The # following example restricts access to two C class networks and # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see # the smb.conf man page. Do not enable this if (tcp/ip) name resolution does # not work for all the hosts in your network. ; hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd # otherwise the user "nobody" is used guest account = nobody

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See # security_level.txt for details. security = share # Use password server option only with security = server or security = domain # When using security = domain, you should use password server = * ; password server = <NT-Server-Name> ; password server = *

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for # all combinations of upper and lower case. ; password level = 8 ; username level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation. # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents # Encrypted passwords are required for any use of samba in a Windows NT domain # The smbpasswd file is only required by a server doing authentication, thus # members of a domain do not need one. encrypt passwords = yes smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

# The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to # also update the Linux system password. # NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above. # NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only # the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password # to be kept in sync with the SMB password. ; unix password sync = Yes # You either need to setup a passwd program and passwd chat, or # enable pam password change ; pam password change = yes ; passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u ; passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *ReType*new*UNIX*password* %n\n ;*passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names ; username map = /etc/samba/smbusers

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name # of the machine that is connecting ; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

# Options for using winbind. Winbind allows you to do all account and # authentication from a Windows or samba domain controller, creating # accounts on the fly, and maintaining a mapping of Windows RIDs to unix uid's # and gid's. winbind uid and winbind gid are the only required parameters. # # winbind uid is the range of uid's winbind can use when mapping RIDs to uid's ; winbind uid = 10000-20000 # # winbind gid is the range of uid's winbind can use when mapping RIDs to gid's ; winbind gid = 10000-20000 # # winbind separator is the character a user must use between their domain # name and username, defaults to "\" ; winbind separator = + # # winbind use default domain allows you to have winbind return usernames # in the form user instead of DOMAIN+user for the domain listed in the # workgroup parameter. ; winbind use default domain = yes # # template homedir determines the home directory for winbind users, with # %D expanding to their domain name and %U expanding to their username: ; template homedir = /home/%D/%U

# When using winbind, you may want to have samba create home directories # on the fly for authenticated users. Ensure that /etc/pam.d/samba is # using 'service=system-auth-winbind' in pam_stack modules, and then # enable obedience of pam restrictions below: ; obey pam restrictions = yes

# # template shell determines the shell users authenticated by winbind get ; template shell = /bin/bash

# 5. Browser Control and Networking Options: # Most people will find that this option gives better performance. # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them # here. See the man page for details. ; interfaces = 192.168.12.2/24 192.168.13.2/24

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here # request announcement to, or browse list sync from: # a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below) ; remote browse sync = 192.168.3.25 192.168.5.255 # Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here ; remote announce = 192.168.1.255 192.168.2.44

# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply ; local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser # elections. The default value should be reasonable ; os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job ; domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election ; preferred master = yes

# 6. Domain Control Options: # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for # Windows95 workstations or Primary Domain Controller for WinNT and Win2k ; domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or # per user logon script # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine) ; logon script = %m.bat # run a specific logon batch file per username ; logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roaming profiles for WinNT and Win2k # %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username # You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below ; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Where to store roaming profiles for Win9x. Be careful with this as it also # impacts where Win2k finds it's /HOME share ; logon home = \\%L\%U\.profile

# The add user script is used by a domain member to add local user accounts # that have been authenticated by the domain controller, or by the domain # controller to add local machine accounts when adding machines to the domain. # The script must work from the command line when replacing the macros, # or the operation will fail. Check that groups exist if forcing a group. # Script for domain controller for adding machines: ; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd -d /dev/null -g machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false -M %u # Script for domain controller with LDAP backend for adding machines (please # configure in /etc/samba/smbldap_conf.pm first): ; add user script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/smbldap-useradd.pl -w -d /dev/null -g machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false %u # Script for domain member for adding local accounts for authenticated users: ; add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd -s /bin/false %u

# Domain groups: # domain admin group is a list of unix users or groups who are made members # of the Domain Admin group ; domain admin group = root @wheel # # domain guest groups is a list of unix users or groups who are made members # of the Domain Guests group ; domain guest group = nobody @guest

# LDAP configuration for Domain Controlling: # The account (dn) that samba uses to access the LDAP server # This account needs to have write access to the LDAP tree # You will need to give samba the password for this dn, by # running 'smbpasswd -w mypassword' ; ldap admin dn = cn=root,dc=mydomain,dc=com ; ldap ssl = start_tls # start_tls should run on 389, but samba defaults incorrectly to 636 ; ldap port = 389 ; ldap suffix = dc=mydomain,dc=com ; ldap server = ldap.mydomain.com

# 7. Name Resolution Options: # All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care! # The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT # on the local network segment # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS. ; name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section: # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server ; wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both ; wins server = w.x.y.z

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be # at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO. ; wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes, # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no. dns proxy = no

# 8. File Naming Options: # Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_ # NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis ; preserve case = no ; short preserve case = no # Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files ; default case = lower # Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things! ; case sensitive = no

# Enabling internationalization: # you can match a Windows code page with a UNIX character set. # Windows: 437 (US), 737 (GREEK), 850 (Latin1 - Western European), # 852 (Eastern Eu.), 861 (Icelandic), 932 (Cyrillic - Russian), # 936 (Japanese - Shift-JIS), 936 (Simpl. Chinese), 949 (Korean Hangul), # 950 (Trad. Chin.). # UNIX: ISO8859-1 (Western European), ISO8859-2 (Eastern Eu.), # ISO8859-5 (Russian Cyrillic), KOI8-R (Alt-Russ. Cyril.) # This is an example for french users: ; client code page = 850 ; character set = ISO8859-1

#============================ Share Definitions ============================== ;[homes] ; comment = Home Directories ; browseable = no ; writable = yes # You can enable VFS recycle bin on a per share basis: # Uncomment the next 2 lines (make sure you create a # .recycle folder in the base of the share and ensure # all users will have write access to it. See # examples/VFS/recycle/REAME in samba-doc for details ; vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/recycle.so ; vfs options= /etc/samba/recycle.conf

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons ; [netlogon] ; comment = Network Logon Service ; path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon ; guest ok = yes ; writable = no

#Uncomment the following 2 lines if you would like your login scripts to #be created dynamically by ntlogon (check that you have it in the correct #location (the default of the ntlogon rpm available in contribs) ;root preexec = /usr/bin/ntlogon -u %U -g %G -o %a -d /var/lib/samba/netlogon ;root postexec = rm -f /var/lib/samba/netlogon/%U.bat

# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share # the default is to use the user's home directory ;[Profiles] ; path = /var/lib/samba/profiles ; browseable = no ; guest ok = yes

# NOTE: If you have a CUPS print system there is no need to # specifically define each individual printer. # You must configure the samba printers with the appropriate Windows # drivers on your Windows clients. On the Samba server no filtering is # done. If you wish that the server provides the driver and the clients # send PostScript ("Generic PostScript Printer" under Windows), you have # to swap the 'print command' line below with the commented one. ;[printers] ; comment = All Printers ; path = /var/spool/samba ; browseable = no # to allow user 'guest account' to print. ; guest ok = yes ; writable = no ; printable = yes ; create mode = 0700 # ===================================== # print command: see above for details. # ===================================== ; print command = lpr-cups -P %p -o raw %s -r # using client side printer drivers. ; print command = lpr-cups -P %p %s # using cups own drivers (use generic PostScript on clients). # The following two commands are the samba defaults for printing=cups # change them only if you need different options: ; lpq command = lpq -P %p ; lprm command = cancel %p-%j

# This share is used for Windows NT-style point-and-print support. # To be able to install drivers, you need to be either root, or listed # in the printer admin parameter above. Note that you also need write access # to the directory and share definition to be able to upload the drivers. # For more information on this, please see the Printing Support Section of # /usr/share/doc/samba-<version>/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf ;[print$] ; path = /var/lib/samba/printers ; browseable = yes ; read only = yes ; write list = @adm root

# A useful application of samba is to make a PDF-generation service # To streamline this, install windows postscript drivers (preferably colour) # on the samba server, so that clients can automatically install them.

;[pdf-generator] ; path = /var/tmp ; guest ok = No ; printable = Yes ; comment = PDF Generator (only valid users) ; #print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf file path win_path recipient IP & ; print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf %s ~%u \\\\\\\\%L\\\\%u %m %I &

# This one is useful for people to share files ;[tmp] ; comment = Temporary file space ; path = /tmp ; read only = no ; public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in # the "staff" group ;[public] ; comment = Public Stuff ; path = /home/samba/public ; public = yes ; writable = no ; write list = @staff # Audited directory through experimental VFS audit.so module: # Uncomment next line. ; vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/audit.so

# Other examples. # # A private printer, usable only by Fred. Spool data will be placed in Fred's # home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory, # wherever it is. ;[fredsprn] ; comment = Fred's Printer ; valid users = fred ; path = /homes/fred ; printer = freds_printer ; public = no ; writable = no ; printable = yes

# A private directory, usable only by Fred. Note that Fred requires write # access to the directory. ;[fredsdir] ; comment = Fred's Service ; path = /usr/somewhere/private ; valid users = fred ; public = no ; writable = yes ; printable = no

# a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects # this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could # also use the %u option to tailor it by user name. # The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting. ;[pchome] ; comment = PC Directories ; path = /usr/pc/%m ; public = no ; writable = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files # created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so # any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this # directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course # be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead. ;[public] ; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public ; public = yes ; only guest = yes ; writable = yes ; printable = no

# The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two # users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this # setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the # sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to # as many users as required. [RELAX] path = /mnt/win_d public = yes writable = no printable = no [INSTALL] path = /mnt/win_c/install public = yes writable = no printable = no

anonymous ()
Ответ на: Re: SAMBA от anonymous

Re: Re: SAMBA

предыдущему анонимусу:

ну и как ЭТО читать ?
нельзя было прогнать конфиг через "egrep -v '^#' | uniq"
и выбрать "User line break" ??

ingwar ()
Ответ на: Re: Re: SAMBA от ingwar

Re: SAMBA

Спасибо конечно за конфик, но насколько я смог в нем разобраться, он для самбы 2х, а у меня 3х. А у них есть некоторые различия в настройки чарактера. Но я думаю дело не в конфиге, т.к. как я написал у меня дома и на сервере один и тот же конфиг, но дома русский пашет, а на сервере нет :( Я думаю дело в настройках самой системе, хотя сервер как и дом. комп локализован на одну локаль Заранее спасибо.

anonymous ()
Ответ на: Re: SAMBA от anonymous

Re: Re: SAMBA

Ну так помочь никто не желает? Или подсказать, где может быть косяк хотя бы...

anonymous ()

Re: SAMBA

может не хватает нативной поддержки ФС в ядре?

spa ()
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