grub-efi-amd64-signed' package failed to install into /target/




Linux Mint 19.3 cannot install grub

«grub-efi-amd64-signed' package failed to install into /target/. Without the GRUB boot loader, the installed system will not boot».

mint@mint:~/Desktop$ sudo fdisk -l
Disk /dev/loop0: 1.9 GiB, 2014482432 bytes, 3934536 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes

Disk /dev/sda: 465.8 GiB, 500107862016 bytes, 976773168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt

Device         Start       End   Sectors   Size Type
/dev/sda1       2048   3999743   3997696   1.9G EFI System
/dev/sda2    3999744  63999999  60000256  28.6G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda3   64000000  71999487   7999488   3.8G Linux swap
/dev/sda4   71999488 271998975 199999488  95.4G Linux filesystem
/dev/sda5  271998976 976771071 704772096 336.1G Linux filesystem

mint@mint:~/Desktop$ sudo fdisk -l | grep -i "disklabel"
Disklabel type: gpt

mint@mint:~/Desktop$ ls /sys/firmware/efi/
config_table  fw_platform_size  runtime      systab
efivars       fw_vendor         runtime-map  vars

mint@mint:~/Desktop$ efibootmgr
BootCurrent: 000B
Timeout: 2 seconds
BootOrder: 002A,0000,0001,0002,0006,0007,0008,0009,000A,000B,000C,000D,000E
Boot0000  BIOS Setup       
Boot0001  Boot Menu
Boot0002  Diagnostic Screen
Boot0003  Recovery and Utility
Boot0004  Diagnostic Program
Boot0005  Diagnostic Progrogram ROM
Boot0006* Floppy Disk Drive:
Boot0007* Drive0 HDD:
Boot0008* Drive2 HDD:
Boot0009* Drive4 HDD:
Boot000A* Drive5 HDD:
Boot000B* CD/DVD Drive:
Boot000C* NETWORK:
Boot000D* USB HDD:
Boot000E* USB CD/DVD:
Boot0010* IDER BOOT Floppy
Boot0011* ATA HDD:
Boot0012  Intel(R) ME Setup      
Boot0013  Intel(R) AMT Fast Call for Help
Boot0014* Erase Disk
Boot002A* ubuntu

mint@mint:~/Desktop$ sudo dmidecode -t 0
# dmidecode 3.1
Getting SMBIOS data from sysfs.
SMBIOS 2.6 present.

Handle 0x000D, DMI type 0, 24 bytes
BIOS Information
	Vendor: FUJITSU // Phoenix Technologies Ltd.
	Version: Version 2.09
	Release Date: 05/27/2013
	Address: 0xE0000
	Runtime Size: 128 kB
	ROM Size: 3456 kB
		PCI is supported
		PC Card (PCMCIA) is supported
		PNP is supported
		BIOS is upgradeable
		BIOS shadowing is allowed
		Boot from CD is supported
		Selectable boot is supported
		EDD is supported
		3.5"/720 kB floppy services are supported (int 13h)
		Print screen service is supported (int 5h)
		8042 keyboard services are supported (int 9h)
		Serial services are supported (int 14h)
		Printer services are supported (int 17h)
		CGA/mono video services are supported (int 10h)
		ACPI is supported
		USB legacy is supported
		BIOS boot specification is supported
		Function key-initiated network boot is supported
		Targeted content distribution is supported
	BIOS Revision: 2.9

Looks like sort of solution but does not work for me

sudo mkdir -p /mnt/boot/efi
sudo mount /dev/sda2 /mnt
sudo mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot/efi
for i in /dev /dev/pts /proc /sys; do sudo mount -B $i /mnt$i; done
sudo chroot /mnt
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-system-adjustments
apt install --reinstall grub-efi-amd64-signed
sudo os-prober
sudo update-grub

chroot and apt-get commands not found.

Where Disk /dev/loop0 comes from, no idea.

Any ideas how to fix it are really welcomed.

I get some clue at

# efibootmgr -c -d /dev/sdb -p 1 -w -L debian -l '\EFI\debian\grubx64.efi'
BootCurrent: 0019
Timeout: 0 seconds
BootOrder: 0019,0006,0007,0008,0009,000A,000B,000C,000D,000E,000F,0010,0011,0012,0013
Boot0000  Setup
Boot0001  Boot Menu
Boot0002  Diagnostic Splash Screen
Boot0003  Startup Interrupt Menu
Boot0004  ME Configuration Menu
Boot0005  Rescue and Recovery
Boot0006* USB CD
Boot0007* USB FDD
Boot0008* ATAPI CD0
Boot0009* ATA HDD2
Boot000A* ATA HDD0
Boot000B* ATA HDD1
Boot000C* USB HDD
Boot000D* PCI LAN
Boot000E* ATAPI CD1
Boot000F* ATAPI CD2
Boot0010  Other CD
Boot0011* ATA HDD3
Boot0012* ATA HDD4
Boot0013  Other HDD
Boot0015* IDER BOOT Floppy
Boot0016* ATA HDD
Boot0017* ATAPI CD:
Boot0018* PCI LAN
Boot0019* debian

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